Science and Human Origins
Ann Gauger, Douglas Axe, & Casey Luskin
In the debate over human origins, it’s difficult to succinct works that are able to take complex scientific problems and reduce them to understandable dimensions. Science and Human Origins is one such work; anyone interested in the problems of human origins should read this book. The book is arranged in five short chapters, four of which cover specific problems in the just-so stories evolutionists construct to defend evolution as the origin of everything, and one chapter defending Creationism against a charge often made by evolutionists against creation. The endnotes are almost as long as the chapters themselves, making bibliodiving a pleasure for those so inclined.
The first chapter discusses the problem of the required number of changes to get from one form of a simple protein to another. The two forms are similar in shape, but perform different functions. To move from one form to another would require 7 changes, which the author estimates to require 10^27 years. To say this is the next best thing to impossible would be an understatement.
The second chapter discusses the problem of optimal adaptation and false peaks. The example Dr. Axe uses is building a device that is programmed to find the highest peak, can only see in a radius of around 12 inches, and then setting it loose at the base of a mountain. The robot is going to find the nearest rock within 12 inches, climb on top, and stay there. For adaptation to modify a single organism, it must climb many small hills while always searching for a higher peak, something the time horizon of adaptation simply doesn’t allow.
The third chapter reviews the fossil record for hominids, coming to the conclusion that there simply isn’t solid evidence of apes evolving into men; the two begin, end, and remain two separate species throughout the fossil record. Of great use is the careful coverage of each available fossil, issues with the fossil in question, what the fossil is claimed to show, and then a review of why that particular fossil cannot support the claims made.
So-called “Junk” DNA is covered in the fourth chapter. Long a staple of the creation debate, evolutionists claim that God would never have created all these various creatures with repeating sequences of DNA that serve no purpose. The authors note this is a theological problem before it is a scientific one, but they delve into the background of junk DNA anyway, showing it is a myth.
The theological problem the authors mention, for those who are interested, is that we have no way to legitimately claim that God would not use repeating strings what of appears to us to be junk unless we know the mind of God —but to know the mind of God, we must know there is a God, and the claim of evolution is that there is no God to know. A second problem the authors do not attend to is that according to Christianity, this is a fallen, rather than perfect, world. Any “junk” in our DNA could have been used for something at some point, but it has simply lost its purpose as our internal information structures have degraded over time.
The final chapter deals with the problem of genetic variability and Adam and Eve; is it possible for a single pair of parents to generate the human diversity we see today. The author’s answer is a resounding yes, as shown through various experimental data and logical chains of reasoning.
Well worth reading.